Vietnam Communists (Viet Cong)
The Tet Offensive was a massive military offensive strategy that targeted select supposedly secure South Vietnam locations in order to degrade and scare American and even South Vietnamese militants. This offensive came in three distinct phases, all of which targeted massive numbers of South Vietnamese cities and district towns, along with Saigon, the capital. American forces were attacked in South Vietnam, unaware of a strike on January 30, 1968. This fighting, known as Phase one, would continue until March 28 crippling American and South Vietnamese moral and hope to end the war quickly. Using Russia and Chinese funded arms and strike squads known as "suicide squads" the Viet Cong utilized their unfaltering loyalty to their state and to their beloved leader, Ho Chi Minh, to their advantage. These attacks focus on densely populated urban areas and locations of American involvement, namely the American embassy in South Vietnam. Phase Two came later that year on May 5 and lasted until June 15, the third would begin on August 17 and end on September 23.